Gingivitis is Not The Only Type of Gum Disease
If you want healthy teeth, your gums need to be in good shape too. Gum disease (also called periodontal disease) is a chronic bacterial infection that can affect both your gums and the bones supporting your teeth.
Certain factors contribute to gum disease, such as poor dental hygiene and smoking. Stress, an unhealthy diet and chronic diseases such as diabetes can also attack your gums. People with uncontrolled diabetes have worse gum disease that those who have their disease under control.
In early stages, gum disease is called gingivitis.
• Is considered a mild form of the disease and can be treated with daily brushing, flossing and regular dental cleanings.
• Is usually reversible.
A more severe form of gum disease is called periodontitis.
• May result in the loss of supporting bone.
• May require surgery and is not reversible.
While gingivitis is reversible, it is important to visit your dentist as soon as possible so it does not progress.
So, what do you do?
Practice good oral care to prevent gum disease. Brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, paying special attention to the gum line, and floss once a day. Don’t smoke. And see your dentist regularly to have your teeth cleaned and checked!